Homeless animals enter into care and placement programs from many sources, often without prior preventative health care. Some animals are already sick, injured, stressed, parasitized or otherwise vulnerable to developing disease on arrival. Most have potential to either acquire or transmit infectious disease.
Without a systematic approach to infection control that focuses on creating healthy animals, those who care for homeless animals in their home environments risk creating situations that can ultimately lead to decreased welfare. Strong environmental, medical, and behavioral health care practices are the foundation of a foster program placing ever-increasing numbers of healthy, friendly animals into the community.