surgeries are a critical tool in ending animal overpopulation. Animal
shelters that institute “neuter before adoption” programs and that work
with trap-neuter-return programs to alter feral cats can have a
significant impact on the homeless animal populations in their
In addition to the resources below, check out the ASPCApro Spay/Neuter and Feral Cats pages for a wealth of materials and information.
Guidelines for Standards of Care
ASV Guidelines for Standards of Care in Animal Shelters
The Association of Shelter Veterinarians states that "surgical
sterilization ... prior to release to adoption, including kittens and
puppies as young as six weeks, remains the most reliable and effective
means of preventing unwanted reproduction of cats and dogs and
decreasing their birthrate."
Webinar Series: ASV Guidelines for Standards of Care
The ASPCA is hosting monthly webinars, each spotlighting a section of the
guidelines. Sign up for the live webinars, or listen to an archived
session and download related materials.
Spay/Neuter Glossary of Terms
provide background information on the state of spay/neuter surgery
today and a glossary of terms that defines the relevant terms of
companion animal sterilization.
Lila Miller, DVM, ASPCA Vice President, Veterinary Outreach, reviews the literature and presents the facts about this safe and effective surgery.
Journal References on Pediatric Spay/Neuter (.pdf)
Dr. Miller compiled a list of journal articles presenting the research on pediatric spay/neuter.
AVMA Articles on Spay/Neuter
The AVMA offers links to JAVMA articles covering spay/neuter topics from age at neutering, impacts on health, pain management, and more.
Recruiting Spay/Neuter Veterinarians (.pdf)
Strategies for recruiting and retaining veterinarians who specialize in spay/neuter surgery.
Training in Surgical Techniques
Pediatric Spay/Neuter Wet Lab
Step-by-step instructions and sample forms for organizing and running a
surgical wet lab to teach pediatric spay/neuter techniques to veterinarians.